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About Leh Ladakh
Home >> Leh Ledakh Tour Package >> About Leh Ladakh
Area : 97,000 sq km out of which nearly 38,000 sq. km are under Chinese Occupation since 1962.
Population : Approx. 2.40 lakh in the 2 districts of Leh & Kargil.
Languages : Ladakhi including Balti / Purgi, Shina or Dardic, Urdu / Hindi.
Ethnic composition : Mongoloid/Tibetan, Dardic and assorted Indo-Aryan elements.
Altitude : Leh 3505 m, Kargil 2750 m
Rain-fall : 15cm, 6" (annual average)
Clothing :Cotton & light woollens in summer and heavy woollens including down-filled wind proof upper garments in winter.
Temperature : Summer :25°C (Max ) 8° C (Min) Winter : (-)5°C (Max ) (-)20° C (Min)

Geographical Introduction

Ladakh Tour & Travel Packages
Ladakh is a region in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir in North India. A land abounding in overwhelming physicals features and set in an enormous and stunning environment, Ladakh is bounded by two of the world’s mightiest mountain ranges, the Karakoram in the north and the Great Himalaya in the south. It is traversed by two other parallel chains, the Ladakh Range and the Zanskar Range.

It lies at altitude ranging from about 2,750m to 7,673m. The temperature in summer goes up to 27C and in winter it drops down to minus 20C.

Ladakh is predominantly well- known its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture. The culture of Ladakh is influenced by the Tibetan culture. Ladakhi food is also very common as Tibetan food. This is why, Ladakh is also known as the “Little Tibet”. Buddhism is the main religion in Ladakh while Kargil district is dominated by Muslims and Buddhist. The approach to Ladakh is always marked with many walls that are long up to 2 to 3 m, decorated with carved stones bearing the mantra "Om Mani Padme Hum" and Chortens which symbolizes Buddha's mind. The Villages and Mountains are ornamented with gompa or monastery residing thousand of Buddhist monks, hermits and Nuns.

Islam came to Ladakh from central Asia and Kashmir after 15th century AD. Now the Kargil, Drass and Suru valley is populated by Shia and Sunis are in Leh and Kargil in smaller scale.

In geological terms, Ladakh is a young land, formed a few million years ago. Today a high-altitude desert, sheltered from the rain-bearing clouds of the Indian monsoon by the barrier of the Great Himalaya, Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system, the vestiges of which still exist on its south-east plateaux of Rupshu and Chushul, in the drainage basins or lakes of Tso-moriri, Tso-kar and Pangong-tso. But the main source of water is winter snowfall.

Dras, Zanskar and the Suru Valley on the Himalaya's northern flanks receive heavy snow in winter, this feeds the glaciers from which melt water, carried down by streams, irrigates the fields in summer. For the rest of the region, the snow on the peaks is virtually the only source of water. As the crops grow, the villagers pray not for rain, but for sun to melt the glaciers and liberate their water.

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Historical Background

Ladakh People, Ladakh Tourism
The history of Ladakh is approximately thousand of years old. Ancient rock carvings have found in many parts of Ladakh that shows that this region was inhabitant of nomadic tribesman (including the monks of North India), the fierce Mongols and Changpas of Tibet, the Dard’s etc. This region was highly prosperous and an important trade region as it lay along the silk route.

According to earliest records, Ladakh was an independent kingdom of the 10th century. Ladakh was extensively attacked several times by Muslim invaders. The kingdom attained its greatest geographical extent and glory in the early 17th century under the famous king Singge Namgyal, whose domain extended across Spiti and western Tibet right up to the Mayum-la, beyond the sacred sites of Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar.

The famous pashmina (better known as cashmere) also came down from the high-altitude plateaux of eastern Ladakh and western Tibet, through Leh, to Srinagar, where skilled artisans transformed it into shawls known the world over for their softness and warmth. Ironically, it was this lucrative trade that finally spelt the doom of the independent kingdom. It attracted the covetous attention of Gulab Singh , the ruler of Jammu in the early 19th century, who sent his general Zorawar Singh to invade Ladakh in 1834 AD. There followed a decade of war and turmoil, which ended with the emergence of the British as the paramount power in north India. Ladakh, together with the neighbouring province of Baltistan, was incorporated into the newly created state of Jammu & Kashmir. Just over a century later, this union was disturbed by the partition of India, as a result of which Baltistan became part of Pakistan, while Ladakh remained in India as part of the State of Jammu & Kashmir.

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