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Jaipur Travel Guide
Home >> Rajasthan Travel Guide >> Jaipur Travel Guide

History of Jaipur


Jaipur is the capital city of the state of Rajasthan in India. Jaipur is also popularly known as the Pink City. The city was founded in 1728 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber. The city was built of pink stucco in imitation of sandstone, and is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities for the width and regularity ofHawa Mahal, Jaipur Tourism its streets.

Established in the uneven hills of the Aravallis, Jaipur is the perfect jewel in the desert sands of Rajasthan. Jaipur is as remarkable for its marvellous architecture and town planning as it is for the lively spirit of the people who inhabit it. Jaipur not only has a rich and colourful past, it is resplendent with tales of valour and bravery. It is one of the important heritage cities in India, and is a must-see for tourists coming to India. So much so that Jaipur is on the itinerary of every travel buff.  Exploring Jaipur with the Grand Tours India surely can be a unique experience….

Places of attractions


City Palace Complex: A rare combination of the finest blends of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture and one of the most outstanding marvels of Jaipur is the City Palace Complex. Situated in the heart of the old city, the complex has a vast area. The outer wall was built by Jai Singh and additions made up to the 20th century. The complex has many buildings, well planned gardens and huge courtyards. Just in front of the palace is the Mubarak Mahal / Welcome palace which was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II as a reception to receive his guests. Other places of interest include the Diwan-i-khas / hall of private audience and Diwan-i-am / hall of public audience and the peacock gate. There is also the Maharaja Sawai Singh II 's museum.
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Moti Dungri (Ganesh Temple) :
Located in the middle of Jaipur rises a small hill Moti Dungri meaning pearl hill, because it looks hill a drop of pearl. An exotic palace is parched which is a replica of ScoJal Mahal, Jaipur Travel Guidettish castle once occupied by Maharaja Madho Singh's son. From there on remained as a private property of the ruling family. In the recent past it served as a home for Rajmata Gaytri Devi and her estranged son Jagat Singh. The mere view of this castle is exotic enough. The highlight of this place is the famous and auspicious temple of Lord Ganesh, which is frequently visited by almost whole of Jaipur and people from outside.

Jal Mahal : It is on the way to Sisodia garden. The Rajput style "Water Palace" sits in the center of the Man Sarobar Lake. The lake is often dry in the summer but winter monsoons frequently turn it into a beautiful lake.

The Jaigarh Fort : On the hills above the Amber Palace complex offers stunning views of the foothills of the Aravalli range. Historically this was the original Amber Fort, although it became known as Jaigarh from the time of Sawai Jai Singh II onwards.

Hawa Mahal : Hawa Mahal or palace of winds is very interesting place to visit. Poet king Sawai Pratap Singh built this palace of winds. This is the most easily recalled landmarks of Jaipur and is also its icon.

Nahargarh Fort : Nahargarh Fort was built 1734 and extended in 1868. The fort is surrounded by rugged hills on three sides. It forms an impressive northern backdrop of Jaipur. It looks most elegant when floodlit at night. The fort overlooks the city and presents a glittering view of the city lights.
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City Palace : One of the most magnificent marvels of Jaipur is the City Palace Complex which has a rare combination of the finest blends of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. In the heart of the old city, it has a vast area. The outer wall was built by Jai Singh and additions made up to the 20th century. Many buildings, well planned gardens and huge courtyards are a part of the complex. Just in front of the palace is the Mubarak Mahal / Welcome palace which was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II as a reception to receive his guests. Other places of interest include the Diwan-i-khas / hall of private audience and Diwan-i-am / hall of public audience and the peacock gate. There is also the Maharaja Sawai Singh II 's museum.  
Amber Fort, Jaipur Travel Tours
Amber Fort :
Nestled wooded hills overlooking the Delhi – Jaipur Highway Amber Fort Complex are situated at a short distance of 11 km from Jaipur. With its forbidding ramparts reflected in the still waters of the Maota Lake below Amber fort Complex is one of the finest examples of Rajput architecture. It was the ancient capital of the Kachhawah rulers. The original palace was built by Raja Man Singh and additions were made later by Sawai Jai Singh.

Within the palace are the Diwan-e-Aam or the "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-e-Khas or the "Hall of Private Audience" and the Sukh Niws where a cool breeze blows across channels of water for the purpose of air-conditioning. Here are the private chambers of the queens with windows having latticed screens so that the ladies could watch the proceedings of the royal court inprivacy. There is also the Jai Mandir or the "Temple of Vicotry", with its famed Sheesh Mahal, the scintillating "Hall of Mirrors"

Festival of Jaipur


Rajasthan is a state of fairs and festivals. Being the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur celebrates these fairs and festivals with great zeal and enthusiasm. There are many festivals celebrated in Jaipur such as; Gangaur Festival, Elephant Festival, Kite Festival, Teej Festival and many more. All festivals represent colourful and exotic culture of Rajasthan.

How to reach


By Air :
The Jaipur Airport is called Sanganer Airport . There are domestic flight connections to Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur and Udaipur. There is a single international flight to Dubai.

By Train :
Jaipur has direct trains on the broad gauge network to cities like Agra, Delhi, Bombay, Howrah, Chennai, Mysore, Bangalore, Lucknow, Kanpur etc. across the country.

By Road:
A convenient mode of travel to Jaipur is by road. Regular bus service of AC and Deluxe Coaches are available.
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